Expand reflection of the particles with red laser
The theory of electrodynamics developed by Maxwell in the 19th century very successfully describes the interaction of magnetic and electric fields and their propagation in free space. In its original form, it fails, however, in the description of the interaction with matter. The internal structure of solids was largely unknown until the beginning of the 20th century, and discovery of the electron, the crystal lattice structure and the advent of quantum mechanics provided the background to describe the interaction of light with matter.
Nanoparticles are particles between 1 and 100 nanometers in size. In nanotechnology, a particle is defined as a small object that behaves as a whole unit with respect to its transport and properties. Although nanoparticles are associated with modern science and they have a long history. Artisans as far back as Rome used nanoparticles in the fourth century in the famous Lycurgus cup made of dichroic glass as well as the ninth century in Mesopotamia for creating a glittering effect on the surface of pots. Nanoparticles are subject with great scientific interest as they are, in effect, a bridge between solid materials and atomic or molecular structures. A solid material should have constant physical properties regardless of its size, but at the nano-scale size-dependent properties are often observed. Thus, the properties of materials change as their size approaches the nano scale and as the percentage of the surface in relation to the percentage of the volume of a material becomes significant. Nanoparticles often possess unexpected optical properties, as they are small enough to confine their electrons and produce quantum effects.
In this experiment is used red laser due to its short waves to reflect tiny particles still in matter state. Red Laser test after filtration through 10 µ paper filter Nano GaNS Particles floating freely in water solution and has to be observed like stars in the sky. These particles could not be seen otherwise in this solution. This experiment can be repeated in daylight.
Suspensions of nanoparticles are possible since the interaction of the particle surface with the solvent is strong enough to overcome density differences, which otherwise usually result in a material either sinking or floating in a liquid. Plasmonic nanoparticles are particles whose electron density can couple with electromagnetic radiation of wavelengths that are far larger than the particle due to the nature of the dielectric-metal interface between the medium and the particles: unlike in a pure metal where there is a maximum limit on what size wavelength can be effectively coupled based on the material size.
Graphene (carbon) single layer.
Plasmons are the oscillations of free electrons that are the consequence of the formation of a dipole in the material due to electromagnetic waves. The electrons migrate in the material to restore its initial state; however, the light waves oscillate, leading to a constant shift in the dipole that forces the electrons to oscillate at the same frequency as the light.
Microscope Sees Molecules for The First Time
[photo credits: IBM]
This coupling only occurs when the frequency of the light is equal to or less than the plasma frequency and is greatest at the plasma frequency that is therefore called the resonant frequency. The scattering and absorbance cross-sections describe the intensity of a given frequency to be scattered or absorbed.
Photo from Wikipedia
The size matters!
Many today are doing their research and applications in various fields. As many different interesting properties under 100 nm space and time the particles are becoming free of the convincible physics of laws and are opening new doors to the new paradigm in human history and various fields of the science.
We are happy to share our results of GaNS production results here.
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